Municipality of Tagana-an
Tagana-an is one of the municipalities in the province with a small land area – 7,917 hectares – that is equivalent to almost four (3.92%) percent of the total land area of Surigao del Norte. But despite this physical limitation, it managed itself to pursue development by harnessing its natural resources and social capacities.
The municipality of Tagana-an is located at the eastern coast of the province of Surigao del Norte that is about 29 kilometers from Surigao City. The municipality is composed of 14 barangays, namely: Aurora, Azucena, Sampaguita, Banban, Cawilan, Fabio, Himamaug, Laurel, Lower Libas, Opong, Patiño, Talavera, Union and Upper Libas. The first three mentioned are in the poblacion while more than half (8) of these are coastal communities of which five (5) barangays are in the islands.
In 2010 NCSO survey, the municipal population is placed at 15,366 registering an annual growth rate of 2.74% based on population figures since 2007 which is a little higher compared to the provincial population growth rate of 1.69 %. Aside from the natural birth, the increase in municipal population for the past decade is partly attributed to development of the mining industry in Barangay Talavera particularly in Hinatuan Island.
A majority of the local population relies on farming and fishing for their livelihood sources. As a predominantly agriculture and fishery economy, significant portion of the municipal population have income below the poverty threshold. Based on the 2009 Community Based Monitoring System (CBMS) survey, significant majority comprising 73.2% of the total population have income below the poverty threshold involving 11,123 individuals in 2,248 households.
Coconut is the major crop of the municipality planted in 3,153 hectares of which production volume is placed at 2,102 metric tons in 2012. Rice is also produced in over three hundred (320) hectares agricultural land of which 200 hectares are irrigated while the rest are rainfed riceland.
Like other municipalities, Tagana-an has a number of potential hazards such as typhoon, flood, rain-induced landslide, storm surge, earthquake and earthquake induced-landslide and tsunami among others. The vulnerability of the communities vary depending on the location, geo-physical condition and topography.
Considering volume of population settlements, the poblacion barangays –Sampaguita, Azucena and Aurora – and the heavily populated barangay of Talavera have the most number of vulnerable individuals including children and elderlies in a number of potential hazards as flooding and coastal surges. Barangay Himamaug has some areas susceptible to flooding with the potential damage more on the agriculture and fishery.
Since Tagana-an is an interior municipality, supply of basic commodities is transported in two road accesses from Surigao City. One through the Maharlika national highway then entering the provincial road in Lower Libas junction leading to Tagana-an poblacion, and through the Surigao City -Cabongbongan – Himamaug – Tagana-an Poblacion national-provincial road link. Some portion of these road infrastructures is also vulnerable to flooding and landslide like that in the barangays of Himamaug and Laurel.